IntroductionA section on American War Hero facts would not be complete without a page on Paul Revere. Paul Revere, who was the eldest of seven kids, was a skilled blacksmith, businessman, and soldier; however the reason why most people know his name is because of his famous horseback ride in 1775. When he discovered that the British were planning an invasion on American patriots, Revere set up a lantern warning system. This is where his phrase, "one if by land, two is by sea" became famous. Later in his life, this brave man returned to what he knew best which was life as a blacksmith. Below is a list of other interesting information and facts about his life.
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Facts about Paul Revere's Early Years
- He was born in Massachusetts in 1735. He was one of twelve children born to his father, who was a French immigrant, and his mother who was a Boston native.
- His father wanted him to become a silversmith like he was, but to do so Revere needed to be able to read and write. So, his family enrolled him in one of the best public schools in Boston called North writing School where the focus was on reading and writing.
- When Paul Revere was nineteen, and the eldest surviving son, he was left in charge of caring for his family and the family business when his father died.
- Paul Revere had made a name for himself as a skilled artisan by the 1760s. He sold his work, particularly his tea sets and his silverware, to upper class citizens and other artisans.
Paul Revere Basic Facts
- In addition to working as a silversmith, he used his skill in working with his hands to become an amateur dentist. He even identified the body of a friend who was killed in the Revolutionary War from the wire that was on a false tooth in his mouth. He recognized the wire and knew he had done this work on his friend, Joseph Warren.
- Paul Revere had eight children with his first wife, Sarah Orne and another eight children with his second wife Rachel Walker.
- When it became clear that the British were becoming more and more of a threat to the colonists, Paul Revere took action by joining the Freemasons.
- After the Stamp Act of 1765 was passed, Paul Revere joined The Sons of Liberty in protest of the hardship the additional taxes the Stamp Act put on the colonists. He worked closely with its leaders, Samuel Adams and John Hancock.
- When the British sent over tea that was taxed by the English from the East India Company into Boston Harbor, Paul Revere and the rest of the Sons of Liberty protested. They raided the ships dressed as Indians and threw the tea overboard. This became know as the Boston Tea Party and it resulted in retaliation by the British and the beginning of the Revolutionary War.
Paul Revere Midnight Ride Facts
- Paul Revere's famous midnight ride took place on April 18, 1775. This ride was made famous by a poem "Paul Revere's Ride" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
- After spying on the British for some time as a courier for the Boston Committee of Correspondence and the Massachusetts Committee of Safety, Revere was instructed to warn the leaders of the Sons of Liberty that the British were on their way.
- Paul Revere's midnight ride took him through Charlestown, MA to Lexington, MA. He discreetly went from door to door through the countryside warning as many people as possible along the way before finally arriving in Lexington around midnight to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams.
- The warning system of "one if by land, two if by sea" had been put in place the previous week. Two lanterns were hung in the Old North Church in Boston to indicate that the British were coming by sea rather than marching on land.